Can Sustained Growth be Attained through Trading Exhaustible Resources for Foreign Research
- Referencia: Cabo, F, Martín-Herran, G y María Pilar Martínez García: “Can Sustained Growth be Attained through Trading Exhaustible Resources for Foreign Research”. 2022, The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, vol. 23, nº 2, 267-298.
ABSTRACT We analyze the existence and the stability of a sustained balanced growth equilibrium (SBE) in a model of two non-homogeneous trading economies. A technological leader country which sells patents of new intermediate products in exchange for an exhaustible resource extracted by a technological follower trade partner. Considering a growth-essential resource, the ‘knife-edge’ assumption of exactly constant returns to scale (CRS) to manmade inputs can be alleviated, and the scale effects associated with R&D-based growth models overcome. A fully endogenous SBE is proven to exist, although its stability turns out to be a ‘knife-edge’ possibility. The long-run equilibrium is saddle-path stable assuming CRS in manmade inputs. Conversely, considering increasing returns to scale together with a completely specialized two-country trade, the equilibrium could be reached only if the two economies initially guard a particular relation, described by a particular subset of the state space