Seminario 16/07: – Alejandro Cuñat (U. Viena)- Offshoring and Skill-upgrading in French Manufacturing: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Melitz View
- Ponente: Alejandro Cuñat. Universidad de Viena
- Fecha: 22/abr/2016 - 12:30 horas
- Lugar: Aula Seminario de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico Tino Martínez Gallur, B2/02
We present a factor-proportions trade model in which heterogeneous firms can offshore intermediate inputs subject to fixed offshoring costs. In the skill-abundant country, high-productivity firms offshore a larger range of labor-intensive inputs to the labor-abundant countries than low-productivity firms. Differently from the traditional versions of factor-proportions trade theory, Heckscher-Ohlin forces operate at the within-industry level, leading to endogenous variation in skill intensity across firms that is positively correlated with firm productivity. Using French firm-level data for the years 1996 to 2007, we provide empirical support for the factor proportions channel through which offshoring to labor-abundant countries affects the firm-level skill intensities of French manufacturers.
Keywords: offshoring, heterogeneous firms, firm-level factor intensities, Heckscher-Ohlin.