A nonlinear time-series analysis approach to identify thresholds in associations between population antibiotic use and rates of resistance

Balancing access to antibiotics with the control of antibiotic resistance is a global public health priority. At present, antibiotic stewardship is informed by a ‘use it and lose it’ principle, in which antibiotic use by the population is linearly related to resistance rates. However, theoretical and mathematical models suggest that use–resistance relationships are nonlinear. One…

¿Cómo escribir un artículo científico en economía?

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El próximo miércoles, 11 de diciembre, a las 12:30 horas, tendrá lugar la sesión lectiva correspondiente a la actividad formativa ¿Cómo escribir un artículo científico en economía?. Esta actividad específica de carácter obligatorio está dirigida a estudiantes de segundo año (a tiempo completo) o de segundo o tercer año (a tiempo parcial), así como, en general,…

Economic evaluation of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening

ABSTRACT Because of its incidence and mortality colorectal cancer represents a serious public health issue in industrial countries. In order to reduce its social impact a number of screening strategies have been implemented, which allow an early diagnosis and treatment. These basically include faecal tests and studies that directly explore the colon and rectum. No…

Validation and comparison of 15-D and EQ-5D-5L instruments in a Spanish Parkinson’s disease population sample

Purpose: To contribute to the ongoing discussion on the choice of a preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument to be used in cost-effectiveness analysis by studying and comparing the validity, sensitivity and relative efficiency of 15-D and EuroQol 5D 5L (EQ-5D-5L) in a Spanish Parkinson’s disease (PD) population sample. Methods: One hundred and thirty…

Valuing Qalys at the End of Life

ABSTRACT The possibility of weighting QALYs differently for different groups of patients has been a source of debate. Most recently, this debate has been extended to the relative value of QALYs at the end of life (EoL). The objective of this study is to provide evidence of societal preferences in relation to this topic. Three…

Monetary Valuation of Informal Care Based on Carers’ and Noncarers’ Preferences

Objectives: To elicit willingness to accept (WTA) values for informal care based on the preferences of informal carers and non-carers. Methods: Two surveys were conducted with a sample of carers (n = 202) and a sample of non-carers (n = 200). Individuals in both groups were asked three questions in which they had to state…