Seminario 17/16: Valores para juegos TU como funciones de particiones: una revisión

game_theory

Abstract Los juegos TU como funciones de particiones son estructuras apropiadas para modelizar las ganancias/costes de una coalición teniendo en cuenta como se organizan el resto de los jugadores. En esta charla revisaremos algunos valores propuestos en la literatura, centrándonos en sus propiedades. En particular, revisaremos el valor de Myerson (Myerson 1977), el valor de…

Seminario 17/15: Magdalena Kapelko (Wroclaw University of Economics) – Measuring Productivity Change Accounting for Adjustment Costs: Evidence from the Food Industry in the European Union

productivity

Abstract This paper extends the measurement of dynamic productivity change over time to provide its full decomposition into economically meaningful components in the Data Envelopment Analysis framework. The dynamic approach accounts for dynamics of production decisions via adjustment costs and is visualized as a dynamic Luenberger productivity change indicator. The paper also estimates the dynamic…

Seminario 17/14: German López (UCAM) – Macroeconomic Instability and Unconventional Monetary Policy

Monetary-Policy

Abstract This paper studies the evolution of the monetary policy transmission mechanisms in the US after the financial crisis and the extraordinary monetary stimulus applied since 2008. The implementation of a modified Dynamic Factor Model allows the identification of two different structural scenarios based on the information contained in a large dataset of 110 variables….

Seminario 17/15: Small-scale fisheries in Brazil: a not-so-invisible problem

Brazil is proportionally a relatively unimportant player in the world fisheries scenario. However, small-scale fisheries (SSF) specifically are crucial for local livelihoods and the food security of millions of people, both on the coast and inland. Such fisheries provide more than 50% of the total Brazilian catches, suggesting that they can be highly impacting on…

Seminario 17/13: Miguel González Maestre (U. Murcia) – Populist Traps under Democratic Competition Policy

competitions

Abstract In a two-sector economy, we consider the endogenous determination of the level of competition in the imperfectly competitive sector, under democratic, non-manipulated voting. In the context of the Salop’s (1979) circular model, we identify conditions such that besides a competitive equilibrium (with most voters choosing the efficient level of transport cost), a “populist” equilibrium…

Seminario 17/12: Seven Agir (METU, Ankara) – Corporate Law and Business Enterprise in Turkey, 1923-1950

susana-2

Abstract What are the implications of legal rules for growth and business expansion? This question has been at the center of the rich literature that explores the link between legal institutions and economic performance. While the scholarship has provided insights on the differential experience of countries which developed their own legal systems and those that…

Seminario 17/11: El-Ghazali Talbi (U. Lille) – Combining metaheuristics with mathematical programming and machine learning

OptAl

Abstract During the last years, interest on hybrid metaheuristics has risen considerably in the field of optimization and machine learning. The best results found for many optimization problems in science and industry are obtained by hybrid optimization algorithms. Combinations of optimization tools such as metaheuristics, mathematical programming, constraint programming and machine learning, have provided very…

Seminario 17/04: – José M. Giménez-Gómez (U. Rovira i Virgili) – The CO2 conflicting-claims problem

RWE rechnet 2013 mit deutlich hoeheren Strompreisen

Abstract An effective climate agreement is urgently required, yet conflict between parties prevails over cooperation. Thanks to advances in science it is now possible to quantify the global carbon budget, the amount of available cumulative CO2 emissions before crossing the 2oC threshold (Meinshausen et al., 2009). Countries carbon claims, however, exceed this. Historically such situations have been tackled…

Seminario 17/10: – Ricardo Salvatore (U. Torcuato di Tella) – Estatura, desigualdad y cambio de régimen: La desigualdad nutricional en el largo plazo, Argentina 1875-1951

estatura

Resumen El trabajo examina la evolución de la “desigualdad nutricional” a largo plazo en Argentina. Definimos la “desigualdad nutricional” como las diferencias inter-personales al acceso a la nutrición y la salud en primera infancia. Este ensayo presenta los resultados de varias muestras de población (reclutas y presos) de diversas regiones de la Argentina. La pregunta…

Seminario 17/09: Montserrat Viladrich (U. Lleida) – Protecting biodiversity on farm land: Which type of agri-environmental measure does it better?

farmland_3

Abstract Much biodiversity is found in farm land. However, there is usually a trade-off between farm land productivity and sustainability of natural resources.  Biodiversity conservation in agricultural land usually requires to carry on a series of conservationist practices that are costly. Therefore, farmer’s participation in conservationist programs requires economic incentives.  Our goal is to identify…