Seminario 17/13: Miguel González Maestre (U. Murcia) – Populist Traps under Democratic Competition Policy

competitions

Abstract In a two-sector economy, we consider the endogenous determination of the level of competition in the imperfectly competitive sector, under democratic, non-manipulated voting. In the context of the Salop’s (1979) circular model, we identify conditions such that besides a competitive equilibrium (with most voters choosing the efficient level of transport cost), a “populist” equilibrium…

Seminario 17/12: Seven Agir (METU, Ankara) – Corporate Law and Business Enterprise in Turkey, 1923-1950

susana-2

Abstract What are the implications of legal rules for growth and business expansion? This question has been at the center of the rich literature that explores the link between legal institutions and economic performance. While the scholarship has provided insights on the differential experience of countries which developed their own legal systems and those that…

Seminario 17/11: El-Ghazali Talbi (U. Lille) – Combining metaheuristics with mathematical programming and machine learning

OptAl

Abstract During the last years, interest on hybrid metaheuristics has risen considerably in the field of optimization and machine learning. The best results found for many optimization problems in science and industry are obtained by hybrid optimization algorithms. Combinations of optimization tools such as metaheuristics, mathematical programming, constraint programming and machine learning, have provided very…

Seminario 17/04: – José M. Giménez-Gómez (U. Rovira i Virgili) – The CO2 conflicting-claims problem

RWE rechnet 2013 mit deutlich hoeheren Strompreisen

Abstract An effective climate agreement is urgently required, yet conflict between parties prevails over cooperation. Thanks to advances in science it is now possible to quantify the global carbon budget, the amount of available cumulative CO2 emissions before crossing the 2oC threshold (Meinshausen et al., 2009). Countries carbon claims, however, exceed this. Historically such situations have been tackled…

Seminario 17/10: – Ricardo Salvatore (U. Torcuato di Tella) – Estatura, desigualdad y cambio de régimen: La desigualdad nutricional en el largo plazo, Argentina 1875-1951

estatura

Resumen El trabajo examina la evolución de la “desigualdad nutricional” a largo plazo en Argentina. Definimos la “desigualdad nutricional” como las diferencias inter-personales al acceso a la nutrición y la salud en primera infancia. Este ensayo presenta los resultados de varias muestras de población (reclutas y presos) de diversas regiones de la Argentina. La pregunta…

Seminario 17/09: Montserrat Viladrich (U. Lleida) – Protecting biodiversity on farm land: Which type of agri-environmental measure does it better?

farmland_3

Abstract Much biodiversity is found in farm land. However, there is usually a trade-off between farm land productivity and sustainability of natural resources.  Biodiversity conservation in agricultural land usually requires to carry on a series of conservationist practices that are costly. Therefore, farmer’s participation in conservationist programs requires economic incentives.  Our goal is to identify…

Seminario 17/08: Michel Théra (U. Limoges) – Perturbation of error bounds

bounds

Abstract In the current presentation, I intend to extend the developments in Kruger, Ngai  & Théra, SIAM J. Optim. 20(6), 3280-3296 (2010) and, more precisely, to characterize, in the Banach space setting, the stability of the local and global error bound property of inequalities determined by proper lower semicontinuous under data perturbations. I will propose…

Seminario 17/07: Mª José Gutierrez (U. País Vasco) – Harvesting Control Rules that deal with Scientific Uncertainty

uncertainty

Abstract: By using robustness methods we design HCRs that explicitly include scientific uncertainty. Under scientific uncertainty –when the perceived model can be generated by a nearby operating model– robust HCRs are designed assuming that the (inferred) operating model is more persistent than the perceived model. As a result, a robust HCR has a steeper ratio…

Seminario 17/06: – Carlos Escudero (U. Autónoma de Madrid) – Sobre negociar con información privilegiada y ecuaciones diferenciales estocásticas

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Abstract Un problema clásico en el campo de la matemática financiera es el encontrar carteras de inversiones óptimas en el caso de que varias inversiones sean posibles. Si el inversor tiene información privilegiada, al menos dos cosas mejoran. La primera, obviamente, sus probabilidades de obtener beneficio. La segunda, el perfil de las matemáticas necesarias para…

Seminario 17/05: – Luís C. Corchón (U. Carlos III)- Oligopolistic Equilibrium and Financial Constraints

duopoly

Abstract We provide a model of dynamic duopoly in which firms take into account the financial constraints of all firms. The study of the equilibria of our dynamic game leads to the concept of Bankruptcy-Free outputs (BF) in which no firm can drive another firm to bankruptcy without becoming bankrupt itself. We show that, in…