Seminario 16/17: Pedro Marques (Instituto Ingenio, CSIC-UPV) -The six presumptions of smart specialisation

specialization2

Abstract: For the funding period of 2014-2020, the European Union demanded from all regions or countries the design of a ‘smart specialisation’ strategy. One of the main goals of this strategy was to shift cohesion fund spending away from infrastructure and to encourage policies that stimulate innovation and increase business competitiveness. A second major goal…

Seminario 16/16: – Lucia Pozzi (Università di Sassari) – Transición sanitaria, desigualdades en salud y enfermedades de la pobreza en la isla de Cerdeña (siglos XIX-XX)

salud_cerdena

Abstract: El objetivo del seminario es analizar las condiciones de salud en la isla de Cerdeña entre la Unificación italiana y la década de 1920 y documentar la extrema pobreza que afectaba a una parte importante de su población. En este periodo se acentuaron las diferencias de la isla con el resto del país, lo…

Seminario 16/15: – Matilde Lafuente (U. Mucia)- Evolution of European social models in times of crisis

welfare4

Since Esping-Andersen identified different welfare state systems among the European countries in his 1990 work The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, research has been conducted to verify this typology. For instance, Sapir (2005), in his work Globalisation and the Reform of European Social Models, expands the original classification through a simple comparison, identifying four types…

Seminario 16/14: – Mª Pilar Martínez García (U. Murcia)- Policy implications of non-constant discounting in an endogenous growth model with pollution abatement

pollution

Abstract: We analyze the effect of non-constant discounting on the sustainability of economic growth in a model with pollution and abatement. A balanced path equilibrium with decreasing pollution exists under plausible assumptions considering time-consistent agents. Compared to exponential discounting, the social optimum when consumers discount a non-constant rate shows greater abatement and consumption expenditure shares…

Seminario 16/13: – Carmen Beviá (Universidad de Alicante) – Relinquishing Power, Exploitation and Political Unemployment in Democratic Organizations

la-dinmica-de-la-gente-y-las-organizaciones-co-4-638

Abstract: The paper focus on the dynamics of organizations and how they design its future according to the interest of their members. Agents are grouped into three classes, high, medium and low productivity. We analyze the evolution of organizations which take decisions by majority voting. We focus on the evolution of the political power and…

Seminario 16/12: – José Antonio Sánchez Espín (Yale University) – Praying in the Desert

Beduin women praying at sunset in the desert in Wahiba Sands, Oman, 2011

Abstract: Humans have tried to control the weather since immemorial times. Leaders who claim to control the weather commanded respect and power from their subjects. We analyze the case of pro-pluvia rogations in the Catholic Church in Murcia (Spain) over the last 400 years. Pro-pluvia rogations were ceremonies performed to ask God for rain. First, we assess…

Seminario 16/11: – Antonio D. Cámara (U. Jaén) – Dimorfismo sexual y evolución tecno-fisiológica en España y Europa

estatura3

Abstract: Durante las últimas décadas la historia económica y la historia antropométrica han avanzado sustancialmente en el estudio de dos dimensiones biológicas de los niveles de vida como son la salud y el estado nutricional de las poblaciones del pasado. Dichos avances se han apoyado en indicadores alternativos a los estrictamente económicos entre los cuales…

Seminario 16/10: – Héctor García Montero (Bocconi University) – Economic inequality in Preindustrial Europe, 1300-1800

desdigualdad

Abstract: La evolución de la desigualdad económica se ha convertido en uno de los temas más candentes del debate público y académico en los últimos años. La historia económica tiene un papel relevante en los debates suscitados, como atestigua, por ejemplo, su presencia central -tanto en términos de evidencia empírica como de análisis- en el…

Seminario 16/09: – Berta Ferrer (U. Lleida)- How and how much do air travellers spend? Bringing trip budget share and trip total expenditure together

air-travel

Microeconometric analysis of tourist expenditure as a function of traveler characteristics has focused on total absolute expenditure, on absolute expenditures per trip budget parts, and in relative terms per trip budget parts. The analysis of absolute trip expenditure by budget parts confounds how much (budget volume) and how (budget allocation) tourists spend, while that of…

Seminario 16/08: – Mohammed Dore (U. Brock)- Spain in the Euro Area: Causal consequences leading to multiple desequilibria.

map-europe-spain

We consider quarterly data of the Spanish economy from 1987 to 2013 to establish causal interconnections in a model free manner, using symbolic dynamics and permutation entropy (PE) and establish the exogeneity of adoption of the Euro (in Jan 1999) as the governing mechanism that leads to the key causal impacts on (1) interest rates,…