Seminario 16/13: – Carmen Beviá (Universidad de Alicante) – Relinquishing Power, Exploitation and Political Unemployment in Democratic Organizations

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Abstract: The paper focus on the dynamics of organizations and how they design its future according to the interest of their members. Agents are grouped into three classes, high, medium and low productivity. We analyze the evolution of organizations which take decisions by majority voting. We focus on the evolution of the political power and…

Seminario 16/12: – José Antonio Sánchez Espín (Yale University) – Praying in the Desert

Beduin women praying at sunset in the desert in Wahiba Sands, Oman, 2011

Abstract: Humans have tried to control the weather since immemorial times. Leaders who claim to control the weather commanded respect and power from their subjects. We analyze the case of pro-pluvia rogations in the Catholic Church in Murcia (Spain) over the last 400 years. Pro-pluvia rogations were ceremonies performed to ask God for rain. First, we assess…

Seminario 16/11: – Antonio D. Cámara (U. Jaén) – Dimorfismo sexual y evolución tecno-fisiológica en España y Europa

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Abstract: Durante las últimas décadas la historia económica y la historia antropométrica han avanzado sustancialmente en el estudio de dos dimensiones biológicas de los niveles de vida como son la salud y el estado nutricional de las poblaciones del pasado. Dichos avances se han apoyado en indicadores alternativos a los estrictamente económicos entre los cuales…

Seminario 16/10: – Héctor García Montero (Bocconi University) – Economic inequality in Preindustrial Europe, 1300-1800

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Abstract: La evolución de la desigualdad económica se ha convertido en uno de los temas más candentes del debate público y académico en los últimos años. La historia económica tiene un papel relevante en los debates suscitados, como atestigua, por ejemplo, su presencia central -tanto en términos de evidencia empírica como de análisis- en el…

Seminario 16/09: – Berta Ferrer (U. Lleida)- How and how much do air travellers spend? Bringing trip budget share and trip total expenditure together

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Microeconometric analysis of tourist expenditure as a function of traveler characteristics has focused on total absolute expenditure, on absolute expenditures per trip budget parts, and in relative terms per trip budget parts. The analysis of absolute trip expenditure by budget parts confounds how much (budget volume) and how (budget allocation) tourists spend, while that of…

Seminario 16/08: – Mohammed Dore (U. Brock)- Spain in the Euro Area: Causal consequences leading to multiple desequilibria.

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We consider quarterly data of the Spanish economy from 1987 to 2013 to establish causal interconnections in a model free manner, using symbolic dynamics and permutation entropy (PE) and establish the exogeneity of adoption of the Euro (in Jan 1999) as the governing mechanism that leads to the key causal impacts on (1) interest rates,…

Seminario 16/07: – Alejandro Cuñat (U. Viena)- Offshoring and Skill-upgrading in French Manufacturing: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Melitz View

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Abstract: We present a factor-proportions trade model in which heterogeneous firms can offshore intermediate inputs subject to fixed offshoring costs. In the skill-abundant country, high-productivity firms offshore a larger range of labor-intensive inputs to the labor-abundant countries than low-productivity firms. Differently from the traditional versions of factor-proportions trade theory, Heckscher-Ohlin forces operate at the within-industry…

Seminario 16/06: – Rafael Barquín (UNED) – Los efectos del ferrocarril sobre la Economía española. 1855-1900

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Abstract: Convencionalmente se suelen clasificar los efectos de la construcción de una infraestructura de transporte en backward linkages, o efectos hacia atrás, y forward linkages, o efectos hacia delante. Estos últimos son medidos a través del contrafactual conocido como “Ahorro Social”. La bibliografía española ha puesto de relieve que los backward linkages de la construcción de sistema ferroviario español…

Seminario 16/05: -Asier Mariscal (U. Alicante) – How Firms Accumulate Inputs: Evidence from Import Switching

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Abstract: We uncover new dynamic patterns related to importers age and the macroeconomic environment that static models cannot explain. Our patterns are related to import switching, i.e., the simultaneous adding and dropping of intermediates at the firm level. Three facts stand out. First, switching is pervasive as 65% of firms do it and, at the…

Seminario 16/04: – M. Pérez-García (Renmin University of China, Beijing) – Global encounters between China and Europe: consumption and cultural exchanges in Macau and Marseille (1680-1840)

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Abstract: In the last decade the approaches of the global history have been emphasized in order to visualize the progress, form and method which historians have undertaken when carrying out ambitious research projects to analyse and compare diverse geographical and cultural areas of Asia and Europe. But when dealing with comparisons and cross-cultural studies in…