Seminario 15/02 – F.Alcalá (UMU): Effort and Leisure at the Workplace

effort

Abstract There appears to be notable differences in average effort at work (pace and attentiveness) across countries, which affect relative TFP and comparative advantage. These differences are typically assumed to be the consequence of an exogenous cultural trait: industriousness; more industrious countries would thrive relative to more indolent ones. However, it is hard to accept…

Seminario 15/01: O. Arce (Banco de España) – Structural Reforms in a Debt Overhang

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Abstract We assess the effects of reforms in product and labor markets in a model economy featuring credit restrictions and pre-existing long-term debt. Both elements, which are core features of the current scenario faced by some Euro area countries, combine to produce a slow deleveraging of the private sector and a persistent recession following a…

Seminario 14/30: M.V. Caballero (UMU) – Symbolic Correlation Integral. Getting Rid of the Proximity Parameter

MVictoria

Abstract In this paper we introduce the symbolic correlation integral SC(m), which avoids the noisy parameter ” of the classical correlation integral defined by Grassberger-Procaccia. Moreover we provide the asymptotic distribution of SC(m) under the null of i.i.d. With a MonteCarlo simulation we show the size and the power performance of the new test under…

Seminario 14/29: J.A. Espín (Yale) – The illiquidity of water markets

AndersonWaterPump

ABSTRACT: In 1966, the irrigation community in Mula (Murcia, Spain) switched from a market (auction), which had been in place in the town for over 700 years, to a system of fixed quotas with a ban on trading, to allocate water from the town’s river. We present a model, in which farmers face liquidity constraints…

Seminario 14/28: J.C. Negrete (UMU) – Distortionary Taxation and Central Bank Design in Monetary Union

monetary

ABSTRACT: We consider a monetary union where discretionary monetary policy creates the classical inflation bias. We analyze how the design of the central bank interacts with fiscal policy under distortionary taxation. We show that when countries share a single currency the perils of not having a conservative enough central bank are more severe. This result…

Seminario 14/27: D. Tirado (UB) – “Integración Económica y Desigualdad Territorial: Lecciones de la Historia Económica de España”

mapa_1895

ABSTRACT: Según los datos ofrecidos por el Eurostat Regional Yearbook de 2012, la persistencia de una elevada desigualdad territorial sigue siendo uno de los grandes problemas que enfrenta la Unión Europea. Si tomamos las NUTS2 como unidad territorial básica, el PIB per cápita de la región más rica de EU27 (Inner London) alcanza un valor…

Seminario 14/26: M.A.CARNERO (UA) – Identification of asymmetric conditional heteroskedasticity in the presence of outliers

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ABSTRACT: The identification of asymmetric conditional heteroscedasticity is often based on sample cross-correlations between past and squared observations. In this paper we analyse the effects of outliers on these cross-correlations and, consequently, on the identification of asymmetric volatilities. We show that, as expected, one isolated big outlier biases the sample cross-correlations towards zero and hence could hide true leverage…

Seminario 14/25 – F.Alcalá (UMU): Time to Consume, Consumption Quality and Hours Worked

consumo

ABSTRACT: The quality dimension of consumption plays a distinctive and important role in many economic areas. This paper provides a new approach to the demand for quality building from the fact that consumption has to be combined with time to produce utility. Focusing on the implications of this approach on the labor supply, the paper…

Seminario 14/24: S. Álvarez (UMU) – Voluntary early exercise and performance-vested option grants: an analysis of the incentive effects.

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ABSTRACT: Classical option pricing models are not well suited to the valuation of executive stock options (ESOs) and their incentive effects. The special characteristics of ESOs make standard methods difficult to apply to these options. The Wu-Lin model is a completely analytical expression based on the common feature of attaching performance targets to option vesting….

Seminario 14/23 – Fernando BRONER (UPF,MIT): Sources of Comparative Advantage in Polluting Industries

contaminacion ladrillo

Abstract: We study the determinants of comparative advantage in polluting industries. We combine data on environmental policy at the country level with data on pollution intensity at the industry level to show that countries with laxer environmental regulation have a comparative advantage in polluting industries. Further, we address the potential problem of reverse causality. We…