Seminario 19/21: Pedro Jesús Hernandez (UM) – Los determinantes de la evolución de la desigualdad salarial en España.

Salario

Abstract: Este trabajo analiza la evolución y los determinantes de la desigualdad salarial mensual y horaria en España desde 1995 a 2014 utilizando los datos de la Encuesta Cuatrienal de Estructura Salarial. El aumento de la jornada a tiempo parcial es la variable clave que explica el distinto comportamiento observado en ambas. La primera aumenta…

Seminario 19/18: David Nagy (CXREI-Universitat Pompeu Fabra) – City Location and Economic Development

Cities

Abstract:I present a dynamic model of the U.S. economy with trade, labor mobility, endogenous growth and realistic geography to examine the relationship between spatial frictions, city formation and aggregate development. In the model, a subset of locations endogenously specialize in innovative industries that are subject to economies of scale. This leads to the formation and…

Seminario 19/5: Ascensión Andina-Díaz (UMA) – Institutional flexibility, political alternation and middle-of-the-road policies

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Abstract: Empirical observation shows that policies are usually gradually introduced in a society. This paper presents a model of repeated elections that captures this phenomenon, and that allows countries to differ in their institutional flexibility, thus in the speed of implementation of new policies. We show that with gradual implementation of policies there is an…

Seminario 19/4: Carlos Vidal Meliá (Universidad de Valencia) Cuentas nocionales, jubilación y dependencia: algunas ideas innovadoras.

Budget

Para poder seguir el seminario, usad el siguiente link (no hace falta autentificación) https://canal.uned.es/live/event/5c35a9fdb1111fd1708b4567 Habrá una grabación para que puedan efectuar la tarea aquellos que no se puedan conectar.  

Seminario 19/2: Juan Vicente Llinares (UM) and Susana Álvarez (UM) – A New Index to Measure Educational Poverty and its Application to the OECD countries from PISA 2009 – 2015

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Abstract: The consequences that educational underperformance has on both individuals and society as a whole lead policy makers and planners to focus on how to measure it properly. The aim of this paper is to propose an index to measure educational poverty which, taking as a starting point the economic literature on multidimensional poverty measurement,…

Seminario 18/20: Ana B. Ania-Martínez (U. of Vienna) – Laboratory federalism with public funds sharing

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Abstract: We explore the role of public funds sharing in the  framework of laboratory federalism, viewed as a learning process of policy innovation and imitation. In a model of decentralized, rich-to-poor redistribution with labor mobility, such a learning dynamics leads to the complete erosion of the welfare state. We show that suitably designed funds sharing schemes can correct this…

Seminario 18/18: Iñaki Permanyer (Centre d’Estudis Demogràphics, Barcelona)- Measuring poverty in multidimensional contexts

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Abstract: When measuring multidimensional poverty it is reasonable to expect that the trade-offs between variable pairs can differ depending on whether the concerned pairs are complements or substitutes. Yet, currently existing approaches based on deprivation count distributions unrealistically assume that all pairs of variables are related in the same way, an unfortunate circumstance that undermines…

Seminario 18/11: Jesús Vázquez (U. País Vasco)-The bond term premium in an estimated DSGE model with real-time learning

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ABSTRACT: Adaptive learning (AL) takes over other features needed to generate a sizable term premium under rational expectations. Indeed, a time-varying term premium emerges in a first-order approximation of a DSGE model under AL. We estimate a real-time AL model that builds on Slobodyan and Wouters (2012a). Our extension disentangles the expectations hypothesis of the term structure (EH)…

Seminario 18/8: Emilio Cerdá (U. Complutense)-Impacts of Climate Change on Wind Energy Power – Four Wind Farms in Spain

Wind Energy Generation

This paper addresses the long-term impacts of climate change on wind speed and, therefore, on wind energy generation. A projection of wind speed was carried out for four selected wind farms in Spain, using an ensemble of three climate models, two scenarios (RCP 4.5 and 8.5) and two time periods (2018-2041 and 2042-2065) per plant….

Seminario 18/7: Manuela Magalhänes (Portucalense University, Porto; CEFAGE, Évora and OBEGEF, Porto)- A multi-sector growth model with technology diffusion and networks

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Abstract: This paper adds the standard input–output linkages into a multi-sector endogenous growth model to study the interaction effects between linkages and technology adoption for aggregate productivity and for income per capita. We show that the greater the intensity with which a good is used as input by other sectors, the smaller are the technology…