Seminario 15/13: J. L. Groizard (Universitat Illes Balears) –Dissecting the Exporter Wage Gap in Spain


  • Ponente: José Luis Groizard (Universitat Illes Balears)
  • Fecha: 24/abr/2015 - 12:30 horas
  • Lugar: Seminario Martínez Gallur, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, UMU. Se retransmitirá en directo.
World trade concept. Globe surrounded by shipping containers.


It is well known that exporter firms pay higher wages and are more skill intensive than domestic firms. In this paper we measure and decompose the exporter wage gap into several explanatory components by estimating counterfactual distributions for the Spanish manufacturing sector between 1995 and 2010. We find that conditional wages are more compressed at exporter firms, di erences in characteristics are relatively less important at the center and that di erences in unobservable characteristics have a U-inverted shape. Separate analysis by education and sex shows that the higher educated workers receive a lower premium than low and medium educated workers at exporter fi rms. Women earn less than men but differences are overcome -even inverted- at the highest education levels. The evolution over time reveals that the exporter premium varies pro-cyclically and in opposite direction than economy-wide wage inequality. These fi ndings imply that the exporter sector contributes ambiguously to generate -between and within group- wage inequality, depending on the position of the economy along the business cycle.