Agrarian Change, Land Use and Irrigation: the Impact of the Urgell Canal between 1860 and 1935

ABSTRACT This article analyses the impact of the expansion of irrigation that took place in Spanish agriculture between the mid-nineteenth and the first third of the twentieth centuries. It explores the impact on agricultural land use of the Urgell canal, located in western Catalonia and constituting the largest water infrastructure built in nineteenth century Spain…

The world wine market and the competitiveness of the Southern Hemisphere Countries, 1961-2010

ABSTRACT The global wine market has undergone intense changes in recent decades after a sharp increase in the competitiveness of the new Southern Hemisphere exporters. The dynamism of the New World and increased demand for new consumer countries have accelerated the process of wine globalization. We study the global competition and the main changes in…

The Urban-Rural Differences of Height and the Living Standards at the beginning of Spanish Industrialization

ABSTRACT This paper examines the urban-rural differences in height during the early stages of Spanish industrialization. Its aim explore the extent of the urban penalty and welfare biological changes in cities compared to rural areas, which was more backward. We use data height of military recruitment records registered in replacement between 1857 and 1936, that…

Social Organization of Labour, Wages and the Labour Market in Catalonia: the case of an agricultural farm in the Segarra region in the late nineteenth century

ABSTRACT This article discusses the forms of recruit­ment of the labour force in the Catalan countryside in the late nineteenth century, the dynamics and structural features of la­bour markets and the forms of negotiation and setting of agricultural wages. We focus on the case of the Segarra region, particularly on a farm located in the…

Social cohesion and the evolution of altruism

ABSTRACT In this paper we propose a stylized model to study how cohesion may affect the spread and consolidation of altruism in a large population where agents are involved in a local public-good contribution game with their neighbors. We show that, if the contribution cost is moderate (neither too high nor too low), cooperation can…

Quality and endogenous tourism: an empirical approach

ABSTRACT We propose a theoretical model and an empirical study that highlight the role of quality of tourism services and endogenous tourism in long-run economic growth. We study a theoretical growth model of international trade where tourism is the growth engine and quality of tourism services has a positive impact on long-term growth. We also…

An R&D endogenous growth model of international tourism

ABSTRACT According to the tourism area life cycle (TALC) model of Butler (1980), the evolution of a touristic destination follows an S-shaped curve which is upper-bounded by its carrying capacity, usually assumed to be a fixed constant. This forecast prevents a tourism-based economy from maintaining positive growth rates in the long run. However, infrastructures, transportation…

Versioning Goods and Joint Purchase: Substitution and Complementarity Strategies

ABSTRACT In the present paper, we develop a monopoly model of vertical product differentiation for analyzing the monopolist’s decision about the possibility of versioning goods as substitutes or complements when consumers can buy them simultaneously. In this context, we find that versioning goods as substitutes or complements is optimal for the monopolist if the cost…

Anti-piracy policy and quality differential in markets for information goods

ABSTRACT In this paper we analyze the strategic decisions of the government, the incumbent and the pirate in a market where the good is piratable. Like in other studies, we show that deterred or accommodated piracy can occur in equilibrium, but pure monopoly cannot occur for any anti-piracy policy. We prove that the initial quality…

Quality choice and advertising regulation in broadcasting markets

ABSTRACT We consider the role of the endogenous choice of platform quality in a broadcasting duopoly market where competing media platforms also choose their levels of advertising. We compare the equilibrium levels of quality, advertising and welfare under private and mixed duopoly competition.We show that the welfare comparison between the private and mixed duopoly regimes…